|Linlithgow Palace - Birthplace of Mary Queen of Scots|
Birthplace of Mary Queen of Scots
The current Linlithgow Palace is believed to stand on the site of a former castle which during the 14th century was used for visits and as a residence by David II and other royal visitors. The Castle and a great amount of Linlithgow were destroyed by a raging fire in 1424.
Re-building of Linlithgow Palace in 1425
t was James I of Scotland, 1406-1437, who began re-building as a pleasure palace the following year in 1425 although it took more than 100 years, during the reigns of his descendants, James II, 1437-1460, James III, 1460-1488 and James IV, 1488-1513, before the new Linlithgow Palace was complete.
As was the case with many castles, palaces and buildings, in general, Linlithgow Palace has been added to and modified down the centuries.
Born in the Palace in 1512, James V, was crowned king, at Stirling Castle, at the tender age of 1 year, on 21 September 1513, after the death of his father at the Battle of Flodden. Assuming power at the age 14. he replaced the entrance on the east range with a new one facing south towards the town.
He commissioned a magnificent fountain in 1537 which still stands to this day within the enclosed courtyard and features intricate stonework which has recently been renovated to its original glory.
James V died at Falkland Palace on 14 December 1542, 6 days after his wife, Marie de Guise, at Linlithgow Palace gave birth to a daughter, Mary.
Mary Queen of Scots
Mary was crowned Queen at nine months old at Stirling Castle but as a young girl was sent to France in 1548.
Returning in 1561 she would be involved in accusations and conspiracies in the murder her husband, Lord Darnley and relationhips with the Earl of Bothwell.
Forced to abdicate the throne, in favour of her infant son, James VI born the same year, who become James I of England and Ireland with the Union of the Crowns in 1603.
Mary appealed to her cousin, the English Virgin Queen, Elizabeth I but became a prisoner and held at Fotheringay Castle and eventually, probably due to political expediency, was executed there in 1567.